Those of you who have a special liking towards caffeine will surely vouch for coffee and chocolate. The special aroma that wafts from a caffeine drink provides a special kick that energizes you and leaves you refreshed. Cappuccino and mocha are two favorites that caffeine lovers cannot miss out on.
Cappuccino Vs Mocha
Both Cappuccino and mocha are hot drinks with espresso as the base. The major difference between the two lies in the ingredients. While cappuccino has a pure coffee taste, mocha has a chocolatey coffee taste. Those who like the bitterness of espresso go for a cappuccino. For sugar lovers, there is no better choice than a cup of mocha.
What is Cappuccino?
Cappuccino is a type of Italian hot coffee that is made from espresso. It first originated in the 1930’s in Europe but became popular around the 1950’s. The word cappuccino is derived from the Italian word “cappuccio” meaning hood. This is because traditionally, baristas used to make raised foams on the top of the cappuccino.
Cappuccino is a three-layered drink with each layer having different ingredients. Besides espresso in the bottom layer, this drink also has steamed milk in the middle layer and foam at the top layer.
You can also use non-dairy milk substitute or cream for making cappuccino. You can provide a special flavor to the drink by sprinkling cinnamon or coffee powder on top.
How Do You Make Cappuccino?
You need the following ingredients for making cappuccino.
- Milk/ cream/ plant-based substitute
- Espresso coffee grinds
- Steam wand/ electric whipper
- Espresso coffee maker/ automatic drip machine
- Flavouring syrup (optional)
Below are the steps for making cappuccino.
- Heat milk in medium flame until it reaches 160 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Gently froth the milk with a stem until you get the required amount of foam. You can also use an electric whipper if you do not have a steam wand. Keep on whipping until you get the desired quantity of foam.
- In the meantime, you can prepare espresso coffee. For every 5-6 ounces of water, you need to add around two tablespoons of ground espresso. You can then brew the coffee using an espresso maker. If you do not have one, you can use a drip automatic machine instead. Once brewed, you can directly fil the espresso in the cappuccino cup. But make sure that you fill only 1/3rd of the cup.
- Once you extract the espresso, you can pour steaming milk on top. You should pour it in a circular motion so that the espresso gets mixed with the milk. Now you can slowly add the foam, If needed, you can also add the flavoring agent on top of the foam. Some baristas even do latte art to provide a visual treat.
What is Mocha?
Mocha is an espresso-based drink containing hot chocolate and milk. It is also called caffe mocha or mochaccino. This name is believed to have derived from the Yemeni city of Mocha, which was one of the centers of coffee trade.
Unlike cappuccino which has a fixed making formula, you can customize the mocha as per your requirement. Since you add milk and chocolate to strongly brewed espresso, the mocha has a bitter-sweet taste.
How Do You Make Mocha?
You need the following ingredients for making a mocha
- Milk/ cream/ plant-based substitute
- Espresso coffee grind
- Hot chocolate syrup
- Steam wand
- Traditional Espresso coffee maker/ stovetop espresso coffee maker/pod espresso maker
- Toppings of your choice.
The following are the procedure for making mocha.
- Pour the hot chocolate syrup into the serving cup.
- Put the coffee grinds in the espresso coffee maker and express two shots of espresso into the cup. If you do not have a traditional espresso coffee maker, you can use a stovetop espresso maker or a pod espresso maker. The hot espresso gets mixed with hot chocolate and creates a delicious mix of coffee and chocolate. You can even blend it for a perfect mix.
- Now you can start steaming the milk. The milk should be steamed until you get a decent amount of froth ie till it reaches 165 degrees Fahrenheit. You can use a steam wand for frothing.
- Once you steam the milk, you can slowly pour it over the espresso/chocolate mixture. Once poured, you should have a thin layer of foam on the surface.
- Now you can decorate the mocha with toppings of your choice. You can add dark, white, or milk chocolate syrup, cinnamon, or even chocolate sprinkles.
What Are the Similarities Between Cappuccino and Mocha?
The main similarity between a cappuccino and mocha is that both are coffee-based drinks. Espresso is used as the base in both the drinks.
Steamed milk is another common ingredient in both cappuccino and mocha. You can prepare steamed milk by heating and aerating it till it turns into a milky and creamy consistency. But the proportion of steamed milk is different in cappuccino and mocha.
What Are the Differences Between Cappuccino and Mocha?
Both cappuccino and mocha are hot espresso beverages. But there are some major differences between the two.
The main difference between cappuccino and mocha is in the taste. Cappuccino has a bitter taste since you do not add sugar or sweeteners in it. It is a creamy drink with a strong coffee taste.
Mocha, on the other hand, comes with a chocolate syrup base. This syrup gets mixed with the espresso and thus you get a bittersweet taste. Chocolatey – coffee taste is the highlight of mocha.
Thus, cappuccino is a good choice for those who love caffeine taste. If you want a sweet touch to the caffeine, then mocha is a good choice.
You should follow a fixed recipe for making cappuccino. A cup of cappuccino should have 1/3rd cup of espresso, 1/3rd cup of milk, and 1/3rd cup of foam. The only permissible change in a cappuccino is the substitution of full-fat milk with skimmed milk or plant-based substitute. If you change any of the above proportions then it becomes a totally different drink.
Adding espresso and milk in the same proportion gives you espresso macchiato. If you add double the quantity of milk to the espresso without any foam then it is flat white. If you add foam to it, then the drink becomes caffee latte. Thus, to make cappuccino the proportion of espresso, milk, and foam should be correct.
But unlike cappuccino, mocha is a more flexible beverage. You can substitute milk chocolate syrup with white or dark chocolate as the base. You can top the mocha with whipped cream, marshmallow, or chocolate chips.
A mocha consists of 2 shots of espresso that is made from two tablespoons of ground espresso. This forms about ⅖ of the total volume of the drink. It usually takes 20-25 seconds to brew 2 shots of espresso with an espresso machine. This, along with the chocolate syrup makes the mocha a strong drink.
Cappuccino, on the other hand, contains 1-2 shots of espresso which makes up 1/3rd of the cup. Since you do not add any concentrate to cappuccino, it tends to be lighter when compared to mocha.
Since the preparation of mocha is more flexible, you can add anything that blends with the drink as the topping. You can use white, dark, or milk chocolate syrup, or cinnamon as topping for mocha.
Cappuccino normally will have a set topping of milk foam. The barista may do some latte art to add to the visual interest.
- Serving Size
You can serve cappuccinos in cups that can hold around 150ml of the drink. A large amount of milk and milk froth adds to the size of the cup.
On the other hand, you can serve mocha in a smaller cup that can hold around 100ml of the drink. Since it has only a little milk froth small cup is enough to serve mocha.